Arborvitae care at home
Thuja is known as the tree of life. In addition, it is sometimes called Northern cypress because of the similarity of these two plants. It is not exacting to conditions of the external environment, but has excellent decorative properties.
Although this plant is more designed for outdoor cultivation, it can cultivate at home. Many Amateur growers put the fifth on the balcony or loggia: there she looks like a real decoration.
Description of the plant
When the plant becomes an adult, its needles are more like deciduous scales. Thuja exudes a fantastic aroma due to the essential oils it contains. The advantage of this coniferous plant is that it can perfectly heal and purify the room air, which is a long time.
Known in Russia 3 type ornamental plants thuja:
The first two species are found in our home quite often, and the third less frequently. Exotic species of thuja are only cultivated in Botanical gardens.
Care of thuja
Care of thuja begins with copious irrigation. It depends on the splendour and beauty of pine. Watering should be regular. It is desirable that the soil was not long dry. Although TUI is not fatal, but will affect its decorative features.
The conditions of detention
The plant tolerates dry air in the apartment and the heat. Also it is stable as direct sunlight, and shadows. The temperature range for TUI is very wide, because it can withstand a 30-degree frost. The plant thrives in indoor conditions. The only thing not recommended to do is to drastically change the temperature. Care of thuja eliminates drafts and strong winds.
To arborvitae grow well in the home, feed her from time to time a natural mineral and organic fertilizers. In spring, nitrogen fertilization, and in summer in June — potassium. If you suspect that thuja is growing in too rich soil, add in phosphate fertilizers.
As for the crown of the plant, you can shape to your liking: thuja without problems tolerate pruning. Be sure to remove any dead branches.
How to grow thuja from seeds?
Seeds may be obtained directly from TUI, or rather knobs. Cut the cones in the adult plant, together with twigs on which they grow. Brought home put the sticks in a warm place. It is recommended that they caught not too bright light. Over time, the cones dry and open. Then you can take the seeds out. Wrap seeds in a damp cloth and keep their day, from time to time spraying the fabric with water.
Step by step process of planting seeds:
Be patient, as the first shoots coming up in a month. And a full Bush arborvitae will grow only after 5 years. However, at home big Bush aren’t for everybody
Arborvitae grows well and develops on the fertile soil. So add in the substrate of peat and humus.
Interestingly, in this type of reproduction in young TUI may appear quite different sortable characteristics compared to the parent plant. So, needles can have a different color: blue or yellow.
Propagation by cuttings
Grow th with seed is quite difficult and tedious, and care on a daily basis. Propagation by cuttings or division much easier. Stalks should be separated from the mother plant, processed in a chemical bath and dip in the ground at half to see
Well, if the base of the escape will be the old wood. Initially, watering is not recommended: simply spray the plant. As soon as the cuttings take root and take root, it must begin to harden. For this purpose, first start longer ventilate the room, and then you can put the pot in a ventilated room.
Plant care includes transplant into a bigger pot. For a young arborvitae will fit the following soil mixture: four parts of leaf, two parts pine land and one part sand. If the plant is old enough, you need to use one part peat, one part loam, and 0.5 parts sand. However, you should handle the plant with a clod of earth.
The temperature at the time of transplant in the home should be warm: +20+23 degrees. Immediately after handling, do not leave the plant under direct sunlight. Regularly spray the crown with a spray bottle, but don’t be taken away.
Diseases and pests arborvitae
Pests most often disturbing th:
- Gypsy drevesiny.
For aphids, the plant can very quickly turn yellow. To get rid of it by using decis. Simply sprinkle it on the plant.
Scale insects can harm not only the needles, but bigwigs. Lubed has a devastating effect on the wood, forming in the cortex moves. Drevesinih is possible to find round holes in the bark of the plant. The walls of the holes, usually black. At action pest control included spraying insecticides. It is advisable to do this at an early stage of the lesion.
At home thuja can be infected with fungus. This disease affects the crown of the plant. To fight at the initial stage, you should use Malathion. Treat fifth a few times, until she recovers.
Of course, street plants, the disease severity is much higher, but for home tuey, too, should look out.
In General, the care of the thuja at home simple and basic. So this plant is suitable for those who do not want to spend too much time farming.