How to make an incubator at home?
Before build an incubator it is necessary to understand how many eggs you are going to store in it. The fact is that the incubator for 50 eggs to build the easiest, because it will distribute heat ü can be not using the fan and evenly placing the heating elements. So, we proceed to the construction of the incubator.
The body of the incubator can be anything, from a packaging box or the bee-hive and ending with the old refrigerator, the main thing that footprint enough to comfortably accommodate the eggs. Because the walls of the incubator to the edge of the tray, the gap should be six or ten inches for better ventilation.
But how can ventilation be improved? In the bottom of the incubator are doing 5 holes with a diameter of not less than one centimeter. Despite the fact that at the bottom must lie a pan with water to maintain humidity, it should not close these holes, it can be put on the supports with a height of 3-5 inches for better air circulation. In the ceiling shall be glazed window 10X10. Glass need to push half an inch for better air circulation. The main thing during operation, not to forget about the door to turn the eggs and change the water.
Egg tray selected the tray in the form of a box with a tight top nylon mesh with a mesh of 5X5. To make it easier to flip the eggs, the pan must be in movable frame devoid of DNA. With a width of four mm smaller than the width of the tray and less than 10 centimeters in length. On the narrow side of the frame should be fixed rake ten centimeters from each other. When the rotation of the movable frame the eggs will turn too.
How to properly position the heating elements?
Best heat throughout the incubator will be allocated, if the thermal elements will be located at the top. In this case, the heat transfer will be maximal, because the cold air coming from the ventilation on the bottom, will not have time to mingle with the warm air from the top. The distance from balls to the heater different from the heater.
If a point source of heat (like incandescent bulbs) then the distance must be a minimum of twenty-five centimeters. If the heater is in the form of a spiral, ten centimeters.
The total power of the bulbs heating the incubator, should be 80 Watts. The smaller Watt bulb will be – the better.
Control of temperature
Don’t forget to buy the thermostat. Better suited to regulators with power up to 300 watts.