Tips on caring for aloe Vera at home
Just nature, there are over 330 species of aloe, and only a small part of them is used for decorative purposes. Its popularity is caused due to the ornamental and medicinal properties. Some types look very original on the window sill, and the presence of high content of volatile contribute to the cleaning and decontamination of air. Thanks to these beneficial properties, it is important to know how to care for aloe Vera at home.
The species of aloe
The plant belongs to the family of Purple in natural conditions grows on the arid soil of Mozambique, Madagascar and Zimbabwe. It has long succulent leaves with spikes along the edges that collected in the outlet. Quite a large number of varieties now grown in the home. Aloe blossoms red or yellow flowers and only in natural conditions.
Mostly on the window sills, you notice a dwarf ornamental species and their hybrids. The most common indoor varieties are:
- Tiger aloe is a small ornamental plant with short stem and beautiful leaves. Can bloom at home.
- Aloe vulgaris or aloe Vera. Has large rosettes that can grow to a height of half a meter. Used for cosmetic and medicinal purposes.
- Aloe Vera soap. Has a thick, short stem and wide leaves. Can bloom in the apartment.
- Frightening aloe is a large variety, with fleshy leaves, the edges of which grow quite large and strong thorns.
- The century plant or tree aloe. It can grow up to a meter in height, has a powerful trunk and a large quantity growing on the sides of the shoots.
These types of possess medicinal properties, and the most common and useful is aloe Vera. This variety is in turn subdivided into 4 subspecies:
This is a rather unpretentious plant, but its proper maintenance is required to know certain rules and guidelines.
Planting is carried out in a fairly large pot. The variety has a well-developed root system, requiring a large space for growth and development. If the plant does not have enough space in the container, its roots start to lick from the ground and hang from a pot and the lower leaves dry up.
Tip! Transplantation should occur periodically, as the growth of a flower. Before you start this process in advance to prepare a larger pot and soil composition.
Grow this plant can be anyone the gardener, even a beginner. It is important to know what is needed to care for aloe Vera at home. After planting in the pot, for the plant has produced the following care measures.
Optimal lighting and temperature
In summer the optimum temperature is 22-26 degrees. The plant tolerates fresh air. So in the warmer months, you can transfer it to the balcony. In winter the temperature should not be lower than 7-10 degrees, otherwise aloe will die.
This light-loving flower that it is better to produce on the windowsill with a southern or Eastern side. If other potted plants it is not desirable to be under the direct rays of the sun, then aloe Vera is useful on the contrary. The lack of sun the leaves will start to lose their rich color, becoming paler, and the stem will begin to elongate.
Fundamentals of irrigation
Excessive watering is not needed, it is sufficient to carry it out as the drying of the soil. In the warm period of the year is this procedure worth doing more often, and less often in the winter.
For irrigation instead of using cold water which had been settled at least days. Water should be sufficient to soak the soil, but without the excess in the pan. When excessive moisture the plant roots can start to rot, often resulting in his death.
To aloe Vera or other it sort of blossomed and grew healthy, one should in addition to irrigation use of fertilizer. With these objectives, suitable dressing designed for cacti or mineral for universal use. Feed should be 1-2 times a month and only in the warm season. In winter, the plant is in a «sleepy» state, so it does not need stimulation.
Tip! Young plants that have not reached 3 years old, should be transplanted every year. In older age, when the growth is not so rapid to produce a the procedure is recommended every 2-3 years.
How is reproduction
Reproduction of this plant can occur both vegetatively and by seed. The most simple and effective is the first option. A new plant obtained by grafting. The stalk neatly cut at an angle and then left to dry for 2-3 days. At the end of this period, otherstock planted in the ground and abundantly watered in the first 2-3 weeks. Further watering is gradually reduced, to reach a frequency of 2-3 times a 7 days.
Diseases and pests
With proper care, aloe Vera and other varieties the plant is not threatened by the emergence of more useful or pest damage. However, with regular mistakes and irresponsible care, the plant becomes susceptible to diseases.
So the most common problem is over-watering. He leaves and the stem become limp. If the flower is not enough sunlight, he begins to get involved in long and the leaves become smaller. At too high ambient temperature the aloe Vera will react by reddening of the leaves.
The most common disease is considered to be root rot, which affects plants from excessive watering. Its main manifestation is root decay. It could be also watering too cold water. To resolve the problem, aloe needs to be transplanted in a new container, and sprinkle the roots with coal ashes. A more serious problem is dry rot. It promotes the shrinkage of the plants and to save him is not possible.
Aloe can also be vulnerable to such pests:
- mealy worm;
- spider mite.
As treatment required insecticide treatments and for each of the pests used their product.
If you carry out proper care for this plant, it will live for several decades. Since aloe is a symbol of health and longevity, so the longer its lifespan, the greater the benefit he brings home.