Why are women harder to lose weight than men
When it comes to losing weight, women have much harder than men. Due to their physiology they just sharpened by the conservation of energy and is designed for pregnancy and nursing.
In women, low testosterone levels, low insulin sensitivity, fewer mitochondria in muscle fibers than men. And generally, muscle mass is much less, as a consequence of a lower metabolism.
The main reason – the female physiology
Is very important menstrual cycle that you need to consider to build the right training and diet.
Nature dictates its own terms, and to fight it is pointless, and not necessary. It is only necessary to consider some features and adapt to them.
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Let’s see in detail some of the features of female physiology. And the first thing you should pay attention to is the menstrual cycle. Here the primary role plays the change of a hormonal background: the rapid increase in the level of estradiol in the last days of menstruation, a consistently high level before ovulation and the almost complete lack of production of progesterone – follicular phase. After ovulation, the subsequent decline of estradiol levels and the sharp rise in the level of progesterone c further decrease before menstruation – luteolina phase of the cycle. Well, the beginning of a new cycle, the beginning of menstruation.
It is these alternating surges of estradiol and progesterone alter the physiology and psychology of women
Estradiol and progesterone
Let’s look at the functions of these individual hormones.
Estradiol – this is one of the 3 types of estrogen, female sex steroid hormones. He is the main and most active of them. Estradiol increases the elasticity of the bones, increases the activity of the thyroid gland. Thereby increasing overall energy, reducing the amount of fatty tissue decreases the blood concentration of cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL – “bad” cholesterol), increases blood supply of the brain. As well as increased myocardial protection from various types of ischemic factors. And this is only a small part of the functions of estradiol.
Estradiol for women is as testosterone for men
As for progesterone, that’s not so bright and colorful. Progesterone, on the contrary, increases the amount of fat by increasing sensitivity to insulin while decreasing the insulin sensitivity of other tissues (muscle). Increases protein breakdown (muscles) and increases the content of glucose in the blood, all of this increasing food motivation. In addition, it relaxes the ligaments and reduces General muscle tone.
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In addition to physiology changes affected the psyche of women. The period witnessed the highest number of breakdowns, especially during PMS, due to the sharp fall in the secretion of progesterone before menstruation. Emotional disorders are very frequent (about 80% of cases) contribute to breakdowns. And oddly enough, the diet can lead to increased PMS symptoms, in particular because of the psychological effects. Therefore, to adhere to the strict limitations diet during PMS is not recommended. It is better to make a small break in diet that then with new forces to continue the fight against excess weight.
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